The Syracuse University Office of Technology Transfer (OTT) manages the science and research based intellectual property (IP) portfolio (primarily patents) of Syracuse University.
Most of the inventions we manage are discovered by faculty (often with their graduate students or post-docs) in Engineering, Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Math, Forensic and Earth Sciences.
Tracking and Protecting Intellectual Property Discovered at Syracuse University
The first phase of IP management involves the Office of Technology Transfer conducting intake of newly discovered inventions (which are reported to our office by the faculty inventors themselves), analyzing them, and coordinating with outside patent counsel to pursue patent protection on behalf of Syracuse University.
Wish to learn about Syracuse University technologies that are protected via issued patents or patent applications? Some technologies are featured on the online IP portal i-bridge.
Intellectual Property Licenses for Non-commercial Uses
Businesses can gain rights (limited by time and scope) to existing Syracuse University IP in a variety of ways, including negotiation and execution of one of the following agreements:
- research license – Syracuse University may enter into a research license with a business that would allow the business to use the IP for internal, non-commercial purposes. These tend to be very short term (i.e. a year or less). This type of agreement is negotiated by Syracuse University’s Office of Technology Transfer.
- option license – An option license essentially combines a research license (see above) with an option. Under an option, the option holder/business has a designated period of time (often a year) to evaluate the IP/technology, and decide whether to pursue a commercial license for the IP. Syracuse University agrees to keep the IP available only to the option holder for the designated time period. Ultimately, the business may either let the option expire, or, prior to the expiration of the option period, initiate commercial license negotiations. Under an option license, the (a) licensee has the right to use the IP for internal non-commercial means, wherein the rights granted allow the business to evaluate the IP/technology. The option license also functions to (b) prevent competitors/others from licensing the IP, since Syracuse University is also agreeing to “hold” the right to enter into a commercial license to the option holder for a certain period of time. Option licenses are negotiated by Syracuse University’s Office of Technology Transfer.
Commercializing Intellectual Property Discovered at Syracuse University
Another phase of IP management is to commercialize the technologies owned by Syracuse University. Unlike IP created and owned by businesses, universities are typically not in the position of commercializing intellectual property themselves. In order for university created IP to benefit the world at large, universities look to existing or start-up businesses to license Syracuse University IP. Those licensees will then incorporate the technology into their products or systems.
Businesses can gain the ability to use existing Syracuse University IP for commercial purposes via:
- commercial license – This license allows the licensee to use the IP for commercial purposes as per the negotiated terms. Commercial licenses can be exclusive or non-exclusive; restricted to a field of use or not; restricted to a geographic region or not; etc. A commercial license requires a licensee to use the IP in a particular fashion, and diligence milestones are embedded in the license terms to ensure same. Up-front fees to Syracuse University are required, as are sales based (“running”) royalties. Milestone based royalty fees and annual fees may also be appropriate. This type of agreement is negotiated by Syracuse University’s Office of Technology Transfer.
Corporate Sponsored Research Agreement (CSRA)
Research Conducted at Syracuse University for the Benefit of the Corporate Sponsor with Access to Existing and Newly Created IP
When businesses want to have specific research performed by an outside party, and that outside party is Syracuse University, they may do so via a Corporate Sponsored Research Agreement (CSRA). A CSRA allows a business access to a faculty researcher and his/her team who will conduct research as agreed upon between Syracuse University (representing the University’s and the faculty member’s interests) and the business. Findings are reported to the Corporate Sponsor.
Under a CSRA, a course of research is outlined (the outline is developed between the business entity’s technical personnel and the Syracuse University faculty researcher who will conduct the research) in a Statement or Scope of Work (SOW). The SOW is accompanied by a short contract that sets non-SOW terms like duration of the project, timelines for reporting to the sponsor, confidentiality, insurance, indemnification, publication, and payments/budget. Sometimes OTT gets involved during negotiations of the CSRA as relates to the IP terms of the contract, but usually this type of contract is handled by SU’s Office of Sponsored Programs (on the contract and budget terms) and the faculty member (in relation to the SOW), possibly in conjunction with a member of SU’s Corporate Relations team.
Intellectual Property Terms within the CSRA
In some instances there is pre-existing Syracuse University IP (often referred to as “background IP”) that must be employed in order to conduct the research set forth in the SOW. When that is true, the Corporate Sponsor will – via the terms of the CSRA – explicitly be granted a research license to the designated background IP for the duration of the sponsored project. Above and beyond the grant of a research license, Syracuse University offers assurances – again, via the terms of the CSRA – to the Corporate Sponsor that Syracuse University will protect the background IP from being offered via a license or sale to other potential licensees, at least for the duration of the sponsored project. Together, these assurances act to preserve access to the background IP to the Corporate Sponsor should the Corporate Sponsor wish to separately (with the Office of Technology Transfer) negotiate a commercial or other license to the background IP that extends beyond the scope or duration of what is embedded in the CSRA.
Regardless of whether there is background IP in a CSRA, it is possible that during the performance of a CSRA, new IP might be created. New IP created in that context is often referred to as “foreground IP.” Foreground IP may be (a) Syracuse University owned IP; (b) Jointly owned IP by Syracuse University and the Corporate Sponsor; or (c) Corporate Sponsor owned IP. Foreground IP that is created exclusively by Syracuse University inventors (inventorship is governed by the Manual of Patent Examining Procedure and case law) will be owned by Syracuse University, but certain rights (a non-commercial research use and a limited option to negotiate a commercial license) in the Syracuse University owned foreground IP will vest – via the terms of the CSRA – with the Corporate Sponsor. Notices about Foreground IP will be sent to the Corporate Sponsor by the Office of Technology Transfer.
If you wish to learn more about Corporate Sponsored Research at Syracuse University, please contact the Director of Syracuse University Office of Sponsored Programs.
Additional Reading on Corporate Sponsored Research
Syracuse University is a member of the University-Industry Demonstration Partnership (UIDP). According to its website, UIDP “is a project-oriented organization where members identify issues impacting university-industry (U-I) relations and opportunities to develop new approaches to partnership and collaboration. UIDP members identify, create and test demonstrations and practical approaches to address both operational and strategic issues,resulting in proofs of concept and unique insights for U-I collaboration going forward.”
Two UIDP publications are on point for corporate sponsored research. (a) The publication entitled Contract Accords for University-Industry Sponsored Research Agreements “were developed by a strategically assembled and dedicated team of research administration professionals from academia and industry . . . to address commonly recognized areas typically requiring additional times for resolution.” These Contract Accords reflect the consensus and best practices of university and industry UIDP representatives and continue to evolve.” (b) The publication entitled the Researcher Guidebook addresses the “opportunities and challenges unique to institution and industry collaborations, . . . specifically target[ing] active researchers (at all career stages) in institutions and industry, and is the product of the collective expertise of the [UIDP’s] member representatives. . . . The guidebook is divided into two parts: Part 1 is dedicated to the Institutional Researcher; Part 2 is dedicated to the Industrial Researcher. These two companion portions of the guidebook together create a strategic tool to promote greater understanding of the issues that face both parties in order to facilitate more effective collaborations for mutual benefit. . . . Reading this guidebook should lead the researcher to ask the right questions, both of the organization and of the potential collaborator, to determine whether to proceed with a particular collaboration.” Ibid. A company’s contracts team, IP team, and others who are involved in contract negotiations of CSRAs would also benefit from reading the Contract Accords and Researcher Guidebook.
Download the Contract Accords, Research Guidebook, and other UIDP publications here.